Four Basic Crochet Abbreviations – Crochet Basics

Hey, all! This is the first of I don’t know how many instructional basic crochet entries. Since I ended up stumbling around when I first learned how to do this, I figured I’d try making it a bit easier on others.

In this entry, I’ll talk about the four most basic abbreviations in crochet patterns, and how to do them.

Before I get started, most patterns put the number of stitches required after each abbreviation. Like if they want you to make three stitches, they’ll put “sc 3”. If they want you to decrease two stitches, they’ll put “dec 2”, and so on.

ChainThis just refers to the first set of stitches you create. Check out the below video on how to do it.

This abbreviation stands for “single stitch”. One of the most common abbreviations used, it stands for the basic stitch.

You should be familiar with this one already, but just in case you’re not, here’s how to do it.

1. Insert hook into the next stitch in your chain or row.
2. Loop the yarn over your hook.
3. Pull the yarn through the stitch. You should have two loops on your hook.
4. Loop the yarn over your hook again.
5. Pull the yarn through the two loops on your hook.

You now have a brand new stitch!

The dec abbreviation stands for “decrease”. This one’s used when you need to make the project you’re working on a bit smaller. There are various ways of doing this, but this is how I do it.

1. Insert hook into next stitch, loop yarn over and pull the loop through, as if you were going to do a single stitch. You’ll have two loops on your hook.
2. Keep the two loops in place, and insert hook into the stitch after the one you just drew the yarn through.
3. Loop yarn over the hook and draw it through the stitch. You’ll now have three loops on your hook.
4. Loop yarn over the hook, and draw it through all three loops.

You’ve now made a new stitch by combining two together.

incIf you put together how pattern makers got “dec” out of “decrease”, you won’t be surprised to find out they did the same thing with “increase”. Yep, “inc” means “increase”.

All you need to is the basic single stitch twice, into the same stitch. It’ll look like the picture below.

You can see where there are two new stitches in the old one below them. Pretty simple, right?

These basic stitches will allow you to make all kinds of interesting things. Of course, there’s always more to learn, though!

Next week, I’ll walk you through a few more common abbreviations and techniques.

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